Choosing a digital rangefinder camera. Part 1: The Epson RD-1

Choosing a Digital Rangefinder Camera. Which one?

PART 1: A Classic. The Epson RD-1

By Steve Huff

So you are looking to get into a digital rangefinder but not sure you want to shell out the $7000 for a fresh and brand new Leica M9. You know…you do have a couple of other choices when it comes to buying a digital RF that will not break the bank, and any of them will give you the joy of use that only comes when shooting a rangefinder camera. The manual lens control for focus and aperture, the solid but slim feel of the body, and the the different but very cool viewfinder/rangefinder window. Yep, there are three choices out there and while only one can be found new, the other two can be found on the used market if you have some patience.

In this three part article I will talk about my experiences with three digital rangefinder cameras, any of which you can find on the used market. The Leica M9, the Leica M8, and the Epson RD-1, which is an oldie, but a goodie! Today I will be writing about the Epson which takes any Leica M mount lens. No need for an adapter as it really was the 1st M mount digital RF!

I bought my first digital RF, the Epson RD-1 right when it came out in July of 2005. I remember Epson saying they produced 10,000 bodies only and I wanted to make sure I bought one before they sold out. I bought mine from B&H Photo back in 2005 along with a Voigtlander 35mm 2.5 PII lens.

When the camera arrived, I was pleasantly surprised at the exquisite packaging. The camera felt really good in my hand. Solid, hefty, and nice. I never owned a Voigtlander Bessa, but found out that the RD-1 was using a modified Bessa body. No worries though and the camera was a work of art in looks and feel. When you fired the shutter you heard a somewhat loud metallic clunk and while it was a but loud and harsh, it was so much different than the DSLR’s I was shooting that I embraced it and ended up liking that clunky sound, mainly because I was so happy to be shooting with a digital rangefinder!

BELOW: I really enjoyed the B&W mode on the RD-1 as it seemed to give great tones, much better than my Nikon DSLR did at the time. The below image was shot with a Leica 50 Summilux ASPH.

BELOW: My son Brandon and my Sisters dog Bella. Epson RD-1 in B&W mode. Shot with the Voigtlander 35 PII at 2.5

The RD-1 was the very first digital Rangefinder to the market and amazingly Epson beat Leica to the punch, which was pretty impressive. I remember the pressure being on Leica after this camera was released as Leica always said it was not possible to create a digital M. Well, soon after Epson launched the RD-1, Leica was hard at work on the M8 and many wondered if it would be better than the RD-1 as the little Epson was gaining quite a following. I will write more on the M8 next time, but lets just say the RD-1 does trump the M8 one area. Higher ISO.

The RD-1 has a 1.6 crop sensor, so most of the lens surface was being wasted but that also meant that there would be none of the pesky issues that creep up with full frame sensors like soft corners, magenta corners, red edges..etc. The RD-1’s weaknesses come in its somewhat low resolution 6 megapixel sensor and its limited high ISO capability. When I look back, its high ISO may have been better than the Leica M8. It topped out at ISO 1600 but I remember shooting in my house at night at that speed and being somewhat impressed (at the time). Now that I look back at those old test shots I took, I am even MORE impressed with the ISO 1600 of the RD-1…

BELOW: Both images shot at ISO 1600 on the Epson RD-1 with in camera B&W JPEG.

Another thing I adored about the RD-1 were the very cool unique analog dials that gave readings for images left on your SD card and y our battery life with a gas gauge type meter. I also enjoyed cocking the shutter just like a film camera, after every shutter fire.

Would I buy an RD-1 today? If I had the cash and found a good buy on one that was in good condition I would. It would be fun to shoot and I already feel its a classic. I mean, its the first real digital rangefinder camera ever produced! Epson later released the Epson RD-1s with slight improvements and again the RD-1x and finally, just last year the RD-1gx with a grip. None of these were released in the USA, but only in Japan where RF photography is huge.

So the RD-1 is a great little RF camera to get started with and I have seen them on the used market for anywhere between $1000 and $1700. Just keep an eye out on buy sell forums or even the buy sell section here as there have been two for sale on this site in the recent past. They usually sell quick, so if you spot on and want one, don’t hesitate! There is no need for IR filters, no need for lens coding and the in camera B&W mode is superb. It’s not the highest resolution camera but it sure is fun to use and shoot.

Here are a couple more images, but in color this time. These are all from the summer of 2005, all with the Leica 50 Summilux ASPH.

BELOW: A full size, 6MP out of camera image

Next time I will be writing about the M8 as  they can now be found used for $2000, even a little less in some cases. I’ve written quite a bit on the M8 but the next article will be more of a narrative on comparing it to the RD-1 and M9. Until next time!



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  1. I am really late to the Party but have to say that these are excellent Images (many not only from a IQ point of view). The second one for example ist awesome. I also like the color ones. The only downside of this camera is the moderate pixel count at 6mp. But then again this is plenty even today.

  2. This comment is way late but the R-D1’s crop factor is 1.53 not 1.6 or 2.0 or any other number. Just want to clear that up as a lot of people post weird numbers on the internet about it.

    This means a 35mm lens has a FOV of 53.55 or so. It’s like walking around with a regular 50mm lens.

    I just bought an R-D1 a few days ago and I love it. I use 35mm and 50mm lenses on it and pair it with my Ricoh GRD III with 21 and 28mm lenses for the full gamut of angles from wide to portrait when I’m out shooting.

  3. very informative article. Leica cameras are good, but its seems more like a monopoly. The cost is also high. Glad to know about this camera. Thanks for the article.

  4. I had the R-D1 and liked it so much that I decided to get a second one but when browsing e-bay did not find one in excellent condition. A fellow user referred me to The owner, Dirk who is based in Japan sourced a like new R-D1S for me for a modest fee. The best part of this purchase was that Dirk had the camera tuned by Epson before sending it to me. Excellent service and you get what you pay for.

    • Peter, could you say how much you paid in total for the RD1 using this method. Also, did you get an RD1, RD!s or RD1x?


  5. I use a Leica CL lens on the R-D1s. It is much easier than expected to focus (framing is a bit hit and miss though unless you have a viewfinder – see site below).

    The winder, the swivel screen, the PhotoRaw conversion software, and the 1:1 viewfinder all add to the magic that the sensor is able to create. And no digital camera is easier to adjust regarding the most important features – you can even use it with gloves on.

    Steve, I hope it is okay to post this link to Rich Cutler’s site – everything you ever wanted to know about the Epsons but were afraid to ask 😉

    Otherwise please remove the link:


  6. never really thought much about that camera. gandy always told me i should check it out.

    it’s just that when i learned about it i was so into full-frames (e.g., canons) i didn’t really want to explore it.

    the files you’ve got on here make me think i should have looked at it back in the day.

    what i think is cool is that you’ve given people interested in digital rangefinder photography a totally viable alternative at a more entry level price.

    dunno how much processing you did to the photos but i think the colours are quite nice.

  7. Hi Steve,
    question: with the 2x crop factor, unless you’re using super wide angles like 21mm, this camera doesn’t give you much of a wide angle effect but tends more towards short tele, right?
    How accurate is focussing with lenses of say 75 or 90mm? These would end up as 150/180mm which I think is pretty long for a rangefinder. Did you try this?

  8. Hi Steve,

    Thanks for another great review / study. I was wondering if the pic you took of your kids and wife in the color shots, is that at the Mystery Spot in santa cruz, ca?! Sure seems like it!!

    How big a print can you make from a 6MP camera?? Like seriously…


    • Thanks Ali, the place we were at there was called the “Wonder Spot” in Wisconsin Dells. We have been to the one in Santa Cruz as well. Interesting and fun to say the least. I have a few 20X30 prints from a 4MP Nikon D2h that look great so Im sure the RD1 files would print just fine.

  9. Once upon a time I used to work in a camera shop and we had one of these in for a year before having to send it to a different branch for a customer. I got to play with it all the time and still miss it. I loved the manual winder, what a great feature! This camera had a stunning build quality and I’d still love to get one even tho it’s 6mp. It can print great a3s!

  10. I looked into this camera a few years ago and really liked it. Ended up going the film route but if I was going to go for a digital rangefinder, I would really look at this again. Great pictures Steve and there are also hundreds of examples on Flickr if you search for images by this camera. The images are very rich in colour and have a look similar to the M8/M9 I find. Very nice.

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